If you talk with me about real estate, you will soon find out that I am a huge fan of passively investing in private syndications. However, my initial investments into syndications did not go well. You may wonder why I trusted any syndicators after those experiences.
After witnessing my net worth plummet after each stock market crash in 2000-01 and 2008, I was desperate to get some of my money off the “Wall Street roller coaster”. After reading books about alternative investments and attending local real estate conferences, I stumbled upon a group that was looking for investors interested in speculative, oil and gas syndications. The double-digit, cash-on-cash, pro forma returns were mesmerizing, and being able to deduct a large percentage of the intangible drilling costs off my taxable income was appealing. I vetted the group as much as I could by doing searches online and talking with a few of their early investors. After reading the legal documents, such as the private placement memorandum and the operating agreement, I mailed my check to the company in Texas in 2009.
I started to receive some small distributions within a couple of months. That was enough proof of concept for me. I proceeded to invest in a few more of their speculative oil wells over the next few months. After another six months, the frequency and amount of the checks began to diminish. The communication also dwindled. And then everything stopped. Other than a handful of small checks and getting the tax deductions, I lost all of my original capital. It took a few years for me to figure out what had happened. Some articles online revealed that this group had scammed over a hundred investors for several million dollars.
Six years later and after a short stint in actively investing in small, residential buy-and-holds, I decided to get back into the syndication game as a passive investor. Even with my experience in the oil and gas debacle, I still made some mistakes with those next investments.
Here are 13 valuable lessons I have learned personally and from others in my ongoing involvement with syndications and their sponsors.
- Get sponsor referrals from passive investors who you know, like, and trust
When I wired my money to the oil and gas sponsors, I did not have any friends or acquaintances who had invested with them. Be leery of referrals from the sponsors. Who knows if they are actual investors? If you have a friend who has invested in four deals with Sally the Syndicator over the past six years and tells you that she communicates with her investors regularly and gives out steady distributions, wouldn’t you feel more comfortable about sending your money to Sally? Don’t reinvent the wheel – learn from the past experiences of others. This brings me to my next point.
- Network, network, network!
Even when I got back into syndications in 2016, I still did not know anyone who was doing what I was doing. I went to several local real estate meet-ups, and they were always talking about flipping houses and adding single-family homes to their portfolios. I eventually attended some national conferences on real estate syndications which did help expand my network.
A little over two years ago, I got an email regarding the next meeting for a local real estate investing group (not Left Field Investors). The speaker was going to be Jim Pfeifer, who was the head of that group, and he was going to talk about his transition to full-time passive investing. I emailed Jim immediately and told him that I was also getting involved in syndication investing. We ended up having coffee together and discovered that we had even invested in some of the same deals! This gave me the confidence that what I was doing maybe wasn’t so crazy after all!
As an introvert, networking does not come naturally to me. I tell myself that I need to get out of my comfort zone and chat with strangers at these meetings. Bringing a friend can certainly help your confidence. There are more and more conferences catering to passive investors, and they are also a great way to meet sponsors one-on-one. As you continue to network, the chances that you will meet people who can help you attain your goals will increase exponentially.
- Invest in yourself
How much is your time worth? Randomly finding information on the internet can certainly be one way of educating yourself on a topic, but it is usually inefficient and insufficient. When I was first learning about syndications, I read books and blogs and listened to countless podcasts. But it wasn’t until I paid to attend a few conferences on syndications that I had a better handle on vetting sponsors and deals. Attending these weekend seminars helped me to compress time frames. If you are interested in a certain asset class, read books and listen to podcasts pertaining to that sector. There are many home study and live virtual courses that will give you confidence in learning about passive investing.
Back in 2009, I wish I had a group where I could discuss investment ideas. Join a network like the Infield where we talk about all aspects of investing in tangible, cashflowing assets in our private forum and during our Mound Visits – weekly calls lead by one of the founders.
- Wait one year before investing again with the same sponsor (if this is your first deal with them)
I wish I heard this advice before I sent my second check to those oil and gas syndicators. I recently learned this excellent rule from one of the members of our Infield Community, David Shirkey, who also runs his own investing and networking group. One year will give you enough time to see if the syndicator provides detailed and regular updates and to see if the distributions are close to the first year’s pro forma numbers. This can be a tough rule to follow if they have good deal flow and if all their deals look like home runs. But this can give you a chance to practice the next lesson.
- Diversify your investments by asset type, sponsor, geography, timing, and debt/equity deals
I do not consider myself a general partner-level expert in any asset class. When I invest with a sponsor that I have vetted, I do expect their team to be specialists in the asset class in which I plan to invest. Nonetheless, I believe as a passive investor you should diversify to some degree. Having a solid, passive portfolio in various asset classes such as multifamily, self-storage, mobile home parks, industrial facilities, and ATM funds will help hedge your investments.
This plan will also help you automatically diversify your sponsors. I would take that a step further and invest with different sponsors within the same asset class. Some sage advice that I learned from reading Do the Work Once, Get Paid Forever by John Bogdasarian is “Don’t invest more than 20 percent of your net worth with one person or entity”. Even if you trust a sponsor implicitly, anything can happen that may be out of their control. By spreading your investment dollars around, you will de-risk your portfolio. Real estate trends tend to be local so spreading your investments by geography is also wise.
One aspect of diversification that is overlooked is timing. Some new passive investors discover the world of syndications and end up dumping a large amount of money with various sponsors in their first year! Although I applaud that they are investing in real assets, I question whether they should space out their investments. We all know that real estate has its cycles.
One other way to diversify is to invest in both debt funds and equity deals. The former should give you more steady cash flow while the latter will hopefully increase your net worth when they go full cycle.
- Invest in “boring”
Many active and passive real estate investors, including myself, are guilty of the so-called shiny object syndrome. Some of my early passive investments included a feature movie, a Panamanian coffee farm, resorts in Puerto Rico and Costa Rica, and a Broadway show (yes, I am not kidding!). Although the musical has been giving great returns, the other four assets have yet to give out any distributions in four to six years!
Do not get caught up in shiny object syndrome! Unfortunately, I have a decent amount locked up in those non-cashflowing assets. If I had used that money to invest in two, “boring” apartment complexes in Texas, they probably would have gone full cycle by now, and I could have reinvested the original capital and the profits into three or four other multifamily assets! The importance of the time value of money cannot be emphasized enough!
I will admit that I do invest small amounts into start-up companies hoping for that huge, asymmetric gain down the road if they go public. However, I do limit the sum total of these investments to a single-digit percentage of my net worth.
- Don’t just look at the “Big 3” – cash-on-cash, annualized return, and equity multiple
Early in my passive investing adventures, I made the mistake of simply using the return metrics to vet the merits of a deal. Of course, you want to know how much cash flow you may expect annually and your total profit when the asset sells, but you absolutely need to consider the riskiness of the deal. In my opinion, the most comprehensive book on this topic is The Hands-Off Investor by Brian Burke. Even though this book pertains mainly to the multifamily asset class, the concepts discussed in it can be applied to most real estate investments. All Infield members have access to the LFI Deal Analyzer, a spreadsheet that will walk you through the financials in the cash flow statement to make sure the underwriting is conservative.
- Don’t let the tax tail wag the dog
As I mentioned earlier, one of the appeals of the oil and gas investments was the tax savings that I would receive. This certainly can be a game-changer, but if the investment is not giving you steady cash flow or a nice equity multiple when it goes full cycle, then it may end up being a wash. Assess the riskiness of the deal by evaluating, among other things, the location, the underwriting, and the bank financing terms. Warren Buffet’s first rule of investing is “Never lose money”. His second rule is “Never forget rule number one”. What good is a tax shelter if you do not have a net positive result? Learn about the “Lazy 1031” syndication tax strategy in this blog.
- Ask if a sponsor will take a reduced minimum investment
I did not know that this was a possibility until I heard other Left Field Investors doing this. Although you do not want to be annoying by asking every time if you can invest less than their published minimum, I think this may be appropriate to “test the waters” with a sponsor with whom you have not invested. Increasingly, sponsors are becoming more familiar with the great things happening at Left Field Investors and have allowed our members to get in on deals at a lower minimum. Just mention our name and ask! The worst they can say is “no”.
- Being a podcast host or guest does not necessarily equate to being a great sponsor
Some people talk a good talk. Being the host of a podcast or even just being a guest on a podcast gives the appearance of authority which can have great influence on people. Many of the sponsors I talked with early on were people whom I heard on podcasts. Even though it may feel like you know them before you have your initial call with them, don’t be fooled by this. Try to be as objective as possible when you interview them. If this is the best way for you to find sponsors, then see if other people in your network have invested with them.
- Don’t be anyone’s guinea pig
This is one of Jim Pfeifer’s favorite expressions. Be careful when you are considering sponsors who are raising money for their first syndication. They may have flipped 53 houses and owned/managed 32 single-family homes in Lincoln, Nebraska, but commercial real estate syndications are a different animal. That kind of experience is invaluable, but you do not have to be their experimental guinea pig. There are so many experienced syndicators out there who have been through several commercial real estate cycles who would be better choices.
Also, be wary of the experienced, commercial real estate sponsor who is raising capital in a new-to-them asset class such as the veteran, mobile home park operator who wants to get into A-class multifamily. These asset classes are different kinds of businesses. Now, if that operator wants to hire a team member who has been managing apartment complexes for a number of years, then I might feel more comfortable with this. However, I will probably wait until they have gone full cycle on their first and second deals before taking the plunge.
- The early communication may be indicative of their later communication
The following happened to me two years ago during the early days of COVID. Some time after speaking with a sponsor, I received his latest offering in a new asset class in which I was interested. I read through the documents and financials and was ready to invest for the first time with him. I emailed him telling him that I wanted to invest. Two or three days went by without an answer. I chalked it up to the weekend and emailed him again. He responded after the second time and sent me the link to sign the virtual documents. I asked him another question via email and he did not answer in a reasonable time frame. It took another email to get my question answered. I signed the documents and wired the money. I emailed him to make sure the money was received, but it took another email for him to confirm that it was.
About two months later, I received an email that explained that since the deal was dropped because of the uncertainty with COVID and the quarantining, we could put the money into his latest fund instead. This was news to me! I never got the email notice that the original deal was canceled. Needless to say, I requested that I get my money back, and I unsubscribed from his email list.
When communication is subpar from a sponsor early on, then be wary that this may be the norm for even when you are an investor. Communication is so important in syndication investing!
- Ignore naysayers
Unfortunately, because of the decades-long dominance of traditional retirement plans, most people do not understand alternative assets. Many real estate investors, active or passive, have probably come across family members and friends who believe they are crazy for placing their money into these “risky” assets. The typical financial advisor will not recommend that their clients invest in private syndications because they cannot make any commissions from them.
There is nothing wrong with thinking differently than the masses as long as you do your due diligence. If I had not changed my mindset and started investing in real, tangible assets that generate steady cash flow and appreciate in value, I would still be a frustrated, Wall Street investor strapped into the roller coaster ride like most others. Even though my “Main Street” investments via private syndications are passive, I feel as though I have more control over my financial destiny. No one will care about your money more than you.
Real asset investors must continue to educate themselves regardless of whether or not they are just passive partners. Try not to gain too much “experience” through trial and error because that can be costly. Not every investment will be a double or a triple, but learn from them and make better decisions in the future. Becoming active in a community like Left Field Investors, or better yet, the Infield, will help you flatten your learning curve, compress time frames, and learn from other people’s missteps. It would give me great pleasure knowing that you have avoided losing money because of the lessons you have learned from this article.
Steve Suh is an ophthalmologist and is one of the founders of Left Field Investors. After owning a few small residential rentals and seeing that it was not easily scalable, he transitioned to the world of passive investing in commercial real estate syndications. He enjoys learning and talking about real estate and hopes to educate more people about the merits of passive investing. You can contact him at email@example.com.
Nothing on this website should be considered financial advice. Investing involves risks which you assume. It is your duty to do your own due diligence. Read all documents and agreements before signing or investing in anything. It is your duty to consult with your own legal, financial and tax advisors regarding any investment.